Patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of respect and human presence through caring behaviours: A comparative study

Nurs Ethics May 2012 vol. 19 no. 3 369-379

Evridiki Papastavrou⇓
Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus
Georgios Efstathiou
Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus
Haritini Tsangari
University of Nicosia, Cyprus
Riitta Suhonen
University of Turku, Finland
Helena Leino-Kilpi
University of Turku, Finland; Hospital District of South-Western Finland, Finland
Elisabeth Patiraki
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Chryssoula Karlou
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Zoltan Balogh
Semmelweis University, Hungary
Alvisa Palese
University of Udine, Italy
Marco Tomietto
University of Verona, Italy
Darja Jarosova
University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
Anastasios Merkouris
Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus

Evridiki Papastavrou, Department of Nursing, Cyprus University of Technology, 30 Archbishop Kyprianos Str. 3036 Lemesos, Cyprus Email: e.papastavrou@cut.ac.cy

Abstract

Although respect and human presence are frequently reported in nursing literature, these are poorly defined within a nursing context. The aim of this study was to examine the differences, if any, in the perceived frequency of respect and human presence in the clinical care, between nurses and patients. A convenience sample of 1537 patients and 1148 nurses from six European countries (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Hungary and Italy) participated in this study during autumn 2009. The six-point Likert-type Caring Behaviours Inventory-24 questionnaire was used for gathering appropriate data. The findings showed statistically significant differences of nurses’ and patients’ perception of frequency on respect and human presence. These findings provide a better understanding of caring behaviours that convey respect and assurance of human presence to persons behind the patients and may contribute to close gaps in knowledge regarding patients’ expectations.

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